nodejs role based access control

  1. Install the necessary packages using npm:
npm install express mongoose body-parser jsonwebtoken
  1. Set up the Express application and connect to MongoDB:
const express = require('express');
const mongoose = require('mongoose');
const bodyParser = require('body-parser');

const app = express();

mongoose.connect('mongodb://localhost:27017/your_database_name', { useNewUrlParser: true, useUnifiedTopology: true });
  1. Define the user and role schemas:
const userSchema = new mongoose.Schema({
  username: String,
  password: String,
  role: String,

const roleSchema = new mongoose.Schema({
  name: String,
  permissions: [String],

const User = mongoose.model('User', userSchema);
const Role = mongoose.model('Role', roleSchema);
  1. Implement user registration and authentication routes:'/register', async (req, res) => {
  // Implement user registration logic
});'/login', async (req, res) => {
  // Implement user authentication logic
  1. Create middleware for role-based access control:
const authorize = (requiredPermission) => {
  return (req, res, next) => {
    // Implement authorization logic based on user's role and requiredPermission

app.get('/secured-route', authorize('READ'), (req, res) => {
  // Implement logic for the secured route
  1. Seed initial roles and permissions in your database:
const createRoles = async () => {
  // Implement logic to create initial roles and permissions

  1. Update the user registration route to assign a default role to new users:'/register', async (req, res) => {
  // Assign a default role to the new user during registration
  1. Implement a route to update user roles:
app.put('/update-role/:userId', authorize('UPDATE_ROLE'), async (req, res) => {
  // Implement logic to update user roles

This basic setup provides a foundation for implementing role-based access control in a Node.js application using MongoDB. Additional steps and validations may be required based on specific use cases and security considerations.